Deep injection wells
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Deep injection wells EPA needs to involve communities earlier and ensure that financial assurance requirements are adequate : report to the Honorable Lynn C. Woolsey, House of Representatives by

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Published by U.S. General Accounting Office in Washington, D.C. (P.O. Box 37050, Washington 20013) .
Written in English



  • United States.


  • United States. Environmental Protection Agency -- Rules and practice -- Evaluation.,
  • Hazardous wastes -- United States.,
  • Deep-well disposal -- United States.

Book details:

Edition Notes

StatementUnited States General Accounting Office.
ContributionsWoolsey, Lynn.
LC ClassificationsTD1064 .U54 2003
The Physical Object
Paginationii. 36 p. :
Number of Pages36
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL3764429M
LC Control Number2003479232

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  Injection wells are used to dispose of appropriately treated fluids by placing them underground. The injection control program regulates the usage of this and prevents degradation of drinking are six different classes of injection wells that are permitted by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, four of which are regulated by the Florida Department of. • By definition, a well is “any bored, drilled, driven shaft, or dug hole that is deeper than its widest surface dimension, or an improved sinkhole, or a subsurface fluid distribution system” (40 CFR §). • Class V wells are injection wells not included in Classes I, II, III, . The rules for each of these well types are different, and even within a class the rules can change. Take for example that Oklahoma is trying to develop rules for deep injection well disposal that will regulate how much, how often, how deep, and under what pressure waste is injected into deep wells as a way to decrease induced seismic activity. Deep well injection is the process of safely storing or disposing of liquids deep underground. It involves drilling beneath drinking water aquifers (1, to >3, feet deep) to trap the liquid waste under multiple impermeable layers of rock. It requires favorable geology, so it is not suitable for all locations. However, where the geology.

  From late to late , one well integrity violation was issued for every six deep injection wells examined — more t violations nationally. More than 7, wells . Underground injection wells, where water and/or other substances are injected into the Earth, are used for a wide variety of purposes. The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) regulates around , underground injection wells through its Underground Injection Control program under the Safe Drinking Water Act. The EPA defines six classes of wells based on their use[1]. The deep injection well project is still in the very early stages of planning and is still at least two years away from any kind of approval. Each well would cost $3 million to $5 million each, so. “The Deepest Well is a heartbreaking, beautiful book about what might be the most important single issue facing our country's disadvantaged populations: the prevalence of childhood trauma. Relying on her work as a compassionate physician and first-class scientist, Burke Harris weaves together groundbreaking research with touching personal Reviews: K.

  This paper presents a surge analysis and provides an engineering design to protect a deep injection well system from potential pressure surge damages. Pressure surge, also known as water hammer or hydraulic transient, is a time-varying momentary phenomenon.   Mechanical Integrity Violation. Mechanical Integrity testing, or MIT, is the primary way of checking the condition of injection wells. All Class 1 and Class 2 deep injection wells are required to be tested regularly, often by pressurizing the well and waiting to see if any of the pressure escapes, indicating a crack in one of the well's layers.   Earthquake hazard associated with deep well injection by Craig Nicholson, , U.S. G.P.O., For sale by the Books and Open-File Reports Section, U.S. Geological Survey edition, in EnglishPages: All injection wells more than 18 feet deep must have an approved injection well permit prior to use. Injection well permit duration varies based upon the well type and use, but 10 years is the maximum permit period. All permits to operate injection wells must be periodically renewed and a processing fee of $ must accompany each application.